Notre-Dame de l’Épine

The Basilique Notre-Dame de l’Épine (Basilica of Our Lady of the Thorn) is a Roman Catholicbasilica in the small village of L’Épine, Marne, near Châlons-en-Champagne and Verdun. It is a major masterpiece in the FlamboyantGothic style.[1]

This article relies largely or entirely on a single source. (May 2017)
Church in L’Épine, France
Basilique Notre-Dame de l’Épine

Façade of the Basilica

Basilique Notre-Dame de l’Épine

48.97709°N 4.470408°E / 48.97709; 4.470408

Location L’Épine
Country France
Denomination Roman Catholic
History
Founded 1405
Architecture
Heritage designation Part of the Routes of Santiago de Compostela in France UNESCO WHS
Architectural type church
Style GothicFlamboyant
Administration
Diocese Châlons

. . . Notre-Dame de l’Épine . . .

Started around 1405-1406, construction lasted until 1527. Elevated to a basilica from 1914, Notre-Dame-de-l’Épine takes its name from the devotion given to a statue of the Virgin holding the Child Jesus. According to a legend from the 17th century that has since evolved, the statue was found by shepherds in the Middle Ages in a burning thorn bush. The basilica has the dimensions of a cathedral and is in the Gothic architectural tradition. The façade has three portals and is crowned with two spires. The right spire is 55 metres (180 ft) high. The left spire was leveled in 1798 to allow the installation of a Claude Chappe telegraph. It was rebuilt in 1868.

The basilica was classified a historic monument in 1840.[2] In 1998 it was registered on the World Heritage List by UNESCO under the title of “roads to St Jacques de Compostela in France”. Notre-Dame de l’Épine has always struck travelers and inspired writers, especially Victor Hugo,[3]Alexandre Dumas,[4]Joris-Karl Huysmans, Paul Claudel and Paul Fort.

The basilica has remarkable gargoyles. Inside, you can admire a rood screen of the late 15th century whose right arcade houses the statue of the Virgin for which this basilica is famous.

Statues include the Venerated Virgin (about 1300), Seated virgin (15th century) and St. Jacques in wood (17th century ). The altars date from 1542, and the rood screen from the 17th century. The tribune and organ case are 16th century. The tribune is decorated with eight apostles and seven pagan gods (inscriptions added in 1825 by Father Brisson). The choir organ is from Merklin. Stained glass is from the 19th and 20th centuries, mainly manufactured by the Champigneulle house.

  • Gargoyle
  • Nave
  • Pipe organ
  • Madonna with child
  • Aerial view (1914).
  • Lamentation of Christ
  • Procession in stained glass
  • Wall painting
  • Gargoyle
  • Main portal
  • Man and the dragon?
  • Illumination
  • Main altar
  • Relief and inscription stone in the south facade
  • Inscription at the main portal

. . . Notre-Dame de l’Épine . . .

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. . . Notre-Dame de l’Épine . . .