Miguel de Benavides

Miguel de Benavides y Añoza, O.P. (c. 1552 – July 26, 1605) was a Spanish clergyman and sinologist who was the third Archbishop of Manila. He previously served as the first Bishop of the Diocese of Nueva Segovia, and was the founder of the University of Santo Tomas in the City of Manila.[1][2]

The Most Reverend

Miguel de Benavides

Archbishop of Manila
Province Manila
See Manila
Installed October 7, 1602
Term ended July 26, 1605
Predecessor Ignacio Santibáñez, O.F.M.
Successor Diego Vázquez de Mercado
Other post(s) Bishop of Nueva Segovia
Orders
Ordination 1568
Personal details
Born c. 1552
Carrión de los Condes, Habsburg Spain
Died 26 July 1605 (aged 5253)
Manila, Captaincy General of the Philippines, New Spain, Spanish Empire
Nationality Spanish
Denomination Roman Catholic
Styles of
Arzobispo Miguel de Benavides
Reference style Monseñor
Spoken style Su Excelencia Reverendísima
Religious style Reverendísimo

. . . Miguel de Benavides . . .

Miguel de Benavides was born in 1552, to a noble family in Carrión de los Condes, Spain. He entered the Dominican Order in San Pablo de la Moraleja, Valladolid, and later rendered service in Colegio de San Gregorio.[1]

He joined the first group of Dominicans going to Manila in 1587, proceeding with them on to China where he hoped to expand the local Catholic church. He was later exiled, and established a hospital for the Chinese in Binondo, Manila, before becoming the head of his order. He accompanied Bishop Domingo de Salazar, the first bishop of Manila, to Spain to defend the native Filipinos against Spanish oppression.[1]

He was appointed as the first bishop of Nueva Segovia and was consecrated in Mexico in 1597.[3] He authored the Doctrina Christiana in Chinese, one of the earliest books printed in the Philippines. He arrived in Nueva Segovia in 1599 but was, after three years, appointed as the Archbishop of Manila on October 7, 1602. His installation in Manila was financed by King Philip III himself, for Benavides was extremely poor. On September 9, 1603, he directed the Franciscans to oversee the Japanese staying in the Philippines.[citation needed] In the same year, he warned the government about the nascent revolt of the Chinese population although he was also criticized for inciting it with his sermons.[1]

He died on July 26, 1605 in Manila.

His library and personal property worth ₱1,500 were donated for the establishment of an institution of higher learning, now known as the University of Santo Tomas.[1]

. . . Miguel de Benavides . . .

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. . . Miguel de Benavides . . .