List of destroyers of the Imperial Russian Navy

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Российский Императорский флот
Rossiiskiy Imperatorskiy flot

Naval jack (top) and ensign of the Russian Navy
Active 1696 – February 1917
Country Russian Empire
Military unit

. . . List of destroyers of the Imperial Russian Navy . . .

The format is: Name, launch year, place of construction (if foreign), commissioning fleet (BF = Baltic Fleet, BSF = Black Sea Fleet, CF = Caspian Flotilla, SF = Siberian Flotilla, POF = Pacific Ocean Fleet), fate = BU.

Note on official classification. First small ships with a mine or torpedo — (pole mines or Whitehead torpedoes) — appeared in the Russian Navy in 1877 during the Russo-Turkish War (1877–1878). They were classified “minnyi kater”, “минный катер” (“mine/torpedo launch”). One large seagoing ship, the Vzryv (“Взрыв”, 1877, 160 tons) with torpedo armament was originally called “minnoye sudno”, “минное судно” (“mine/torpedo vessel”). A large series of 133 20-30-ton ships followed in 1878; they were classified “minonoska”, “minonosnaya lodka”, “миноноска” (literally, “mine/torpedo boat”). It usually translates as “torpedo boat, 2nd class”. Then came torpedo ships, which Russia had built or bought since 1880 and classified as “minonosets”, “миноносец” (literally, “mine/torpedo carrier”). This designation includes relatively large ships. It therefore translates into English as either “torpedo boat 1st class” or “destroyer” depending on a displacement of more or less than 200 tons. Starting in 1907 and still used today, all sufficiently large torpedo armed ships are classified as EM (ЭМ), “eskadrennyi minonosets”, “эскадренный миноносец” (literally, “squadron torpedo carrier”), which usually translates as “destroyer“.

First Russian torpedo vessel Vzryv (1877). She was armed with a bow underwater torpedo tube
The torpedo launch Chesma (1877), which accomplished the first combat torpedo attack
Torpedo boat № 61 with projecting mine launchers, Saint Petersburg, c. 1895
Russian Pernov-type torpedo boat No.142 (1897) at the naval parade on the occasion of the summit of Emperors Nicholas II and Wilhelm II. Reval, 1902

. . . List of destroyers of the Imperial Russian Navy . . .

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. . . List of destroyers of the Imperial Russian Navy . . .