Croque monsieur

A croque monsieur (French pronunciation: [kʁɔk məsjø]) is a hot sandwich made with ham and cheese. The dish originated in Frenchcafés and bars as a quick snack. The name comes from the French words croque (“bite”) and monsieur (“mister”).

French hot sandwich with ham and cheese
“Croque” redirects here. For the town in Canada, see Croque, Newfoundland and Labrador.
Croque monsieur

A croque monsieur
Type Sandwich
Place of origin France
Serving temperature Hot
Main ingredients Bread, whipped eggs, butter, boiled ham, cheese (typically Gruyère), pepper and salt
Variations Croque madame

. . . Croque monsieur . . .

A croque monsieur is traditionally made with baked or boiled ham and sliced cheese between slices of pain de mie, topped with grated cheese and slightly salted and peppered, and then baked in an oven or fried in a frying pan. The bread may optionally be browned by grilling after being dipped in beaten egg. Traditionally, Gruyère is used, or sometimes Comté or Emmental cheese as well. Some brasseries also add Béchamel sauce.

Croque monsieur may be baked or fried so that the cheese topping melts and forms a crust.[1][2]

A croque monsieur served with a poached or lightly friedegg on top is known as a croque madame[3] (or, in parts of Normandy, as a croque-à-cheval). According to the Petit Robert dictionary, the name dates to around 1960. The name croque-mademoiselle is associated with its lighter, vegetarian version: made of the same bread, but with ordinary melting cheese, accompanied with chives, cucumber and salad.[1]

In the United Kingdom, a ham-and-cheese hot snack is called a toastie, and toastie makers are available to buy. In the United States, the Monte Cristo, a ham-and-cheese sandwich, often dipped in egg and fried, is popular diner fare, and a ‘grilled cheese sandwich’ is a classic sandwich that has been enjoyed at home and in cafeteria-style restaurants since the Great Depression.[4]

Variants of the sandwich with substitutions or additional ingredients are given names modelled on the original croque-monsieur, for example:

Name Added ingredients Reference
Barros jarpa Variation from Chilean cuisine [5]
Barros Luco Made with roast beef instead of ham [5]
Croque provençal Tomato [6]
Croque auvergnat Bleu d’Auvergne cheese [7]
Croque norvégien Smoked salmon instead of ham [5]
Croque tartiflette Sliced potatoes and Reblochon cheese [6]
Croque bolognese / croque Boum-Boum Bolognese sauce
Croque señor Tomato salsa
Croque Hawaiian Slice of pineapple
Croque gagnet Gouda cheese and andouille [8]
Croque Madame Fried egg [5]
Croque monsieur with bechamel Standard croque monsieur topped with bechamel sauce [5]
Francesinha Variation from Portuguese cuisine with steak, sausage, ham, melted cheese and beer sauce [5]

  • A croque madame
  • A croque provençal
  • A croque gagnet

. . . Croque monsieur . . .

This article is issued from web site Wikipedia. The original article may be a bit shortened or modified. Some links may have been modified. The text is licensed under “Creative Commons – Attribution – Sharealike” [1] and some of the text can also be licensed under the terms of the “GNU Free Documentation License” [2]. Additional terms may apply for the media files. By using this site, you agree to our Legal pages . Web links: [1] [2]

. . . Croque monsieur . . .