Edward Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin

Edward James Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin, 14th Earl of KincardineKT, CMG, TD, CD, JP (9 June 1881 – 27 November 1968) was the son of Victor Bruce, 9th Earl of Elgin who became Assistant Private Secretary to the Secretary State for the Colonies (1908–11) and a director of the Royal Bank of Scotland.[1]

Coats of arms of Edward Bruce

Lord Elgin, the Lord Lieutenant of the County, presenting the golden key to the Commander in Chief, Vice Admiral Sir Charles Gordon Ramsey, KCB after the opening of the British Sailors Society Hostel, Rosyth, Fife.

He had been a Captain in the Forfar and Kincardine Royal Garrison Artillery Militia, and when the Territorial Force was created in 1908 he became Commanding officer of the Highland (Fifeshire) Heavy Battery, RGA with the rank of Major, a position that he held at the outbreak of World War I.[2][3] He served in the war, attaining the rank of Lieutenant-Colonel, and being mentioned in dispatches twice. In 1918–19 he was Assistant Director of Labour and a Temporary Colonel and Labour Commandant. After the war he received the CMG.[2]

On 5 January 1921, he married Katherine Cochrane, daughter of Lt.-Col. Thomas Cochrane, 1st Baron Cochrane of Cults and Lady Gertrude Boyle. In 1938, his wife was appointed Dame Commander of the Order of the British Empire (DBE).[4]

The couple had six children:

He was made a Knight of the Thistle (Scotland’s premier order of chivalry) on 3 June 1933. He also held the Order of Polonia Restituta.[2]

After the formation of the Scottish Home Guard in January 1941, Bruce was made commander of No. 3 Zone (Fife & Kinross-shire), South Highland Area. He held this appointment until the end of the war.[6]

As a Colonel in the Territorial Reserve the Earl held a number of honorary colonelcies in the Territorial Army and Canadian Militia:

He was also Lieutenant of the Royal Company of Archers the Queen’s Bodyguard for Scotland.[2]

In 1964, he commissioned a statue of Robert the Bruce.[8]

He died at the age of 87 in 1968.

. . . Edward Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin . . .

  1. “Edward James Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin and 14th Earl of Kincardine”. National Portrait Gallery.
  2. Burke’s Peerage.
  3. Monthly Army List, August 1914.
  4. Profile of Katherine, Countess of Elgin, DBE, ncc.nsw.gov.au; retrieved 29 March 2016.
  5. “Hon James Michael Edward Bruce, CBE 1927-2013”. Peerage News. 25 April 2013.
  6. Home Guard List, p. 49
  7. Monthly Army List May 1939.
  8. “A very Canadian sort of hero? Robert the Bruce alias The Outlaw King at the Toronto International Film Festival”. Broomhall. 7 September 2018. Retrieved 8 July 2021.

. . . Edward Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin . . .

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. . . Edward Bruce, 10th Earl of Elgin . . .