Lemnos (Greek: Λήμνος, Limnos) is an island in the Northern Aegean Islands of Greece.
With an area of approximately 480 km² Lemnos is the ninth largest island in Greece. While the other two North Aegean islands of Thasos and Samothrace, are mountainous and forested, Lemnos is hilly and barren. In summer, the predominant color of the landscape is brown. Lemnos is a destination for a relaxing holiday in close contact with nature. Sheltered bays, long sandy beaches and landscapes of volcanic rocks, interspersed with small hills and plains where most durum wheat is grown and traditional villages of stone houses. The beaches are excellent and uncrowded. From mid-August usually strong winds can affect the bathing, but are welcome by the windsurfers who come to the island because of that winds. The island does not live completely by tourism, as many of the other known Greek islands, but mostly still on agriculture. Therefore, life is still original and not focused exclusively on tourism. Best time to visit Lemnos is from May to end of July and from 15th of August till end of October. In the first two weeks of August the island is full of Greeks from the mainland that return to their villages for holidays and family meetings. From mid August winds get stronger which is interesting for surfers.
The myths about Lemnos are closely linked to the god Hephaestus. According to the legend, the goddess Hera was quarreling with Zeus. When her son Hephaestus, tried to protect her, Zeus became angry and threw him from Mount Olympus. Hephaestus landed on Lemnos, where henceforth he lived in his smithy on the island and taught the first inhabitants of Lemnos, the Sinties, the art of processing copper.
The island experienced a bloom in the pre-Christian time. In its eventful history Lemnos was hit by many conquerors because of its important strategic location west of the Bosporus and the Dardanelles. Being conquered 512 BC by the Persians, Lemnos won its freedom back after the Persian Wars. Later the island was occupied by the Romans, the Venetians and the Turks, until the liberation in 1912 during the First Balkan War. During WW2 the strategically important island was occupied by German troops.
- 1 Myrina. Myrina is the capital and the largest city of the island. It is known for its beautiful waterfront and shopping street, neoclassical mansions, and good beaches. Particularly notable is the Venetian fortress on a hill with a special view of the city and the coast; when visibility is clear, you can see Chalkidiki peninsula (Mount Athos) and other surrounding islands (Samothrace, Imvros, etc.). In the castle area, deer roam freely. Myrina is the administrative center of the island, with the ferry port, a hospital, good shopping possibilities, doctors, pharmacies, supermarkets, restaurants, bars, etc. Here you will find everything that you cannot find elsewhere on the island. The tiny museum’s collection in Myrina gives more about Lemnos’ importance in history. Also, memorials in Myrina and Moudros commemorate many of the battles fought at the region throughout its long history. (updated Sep 2016)
- 1 Therma. If you drive about 6 km from Myrina towards the airport, you reach the turnoff to Therma, a facility with thermal springs. The small spa facility offers visitors not only relaxing baths in the 39-43 degree warm thermal water but also mud therapies with the famous “Lemnos healing earth”, therapeutic and relaxing massages and beauty treatments. (updated Sep 2016)
- 1 Plati. This small and beautiful village is popular for its beach. There are some taverns and tourist facilities near the village. (updated Sep 2016)
- 1 Thanos. This traditional village is surrounded by greenery and has a beautiful view over the sea. (updated Sep 2016)
- 1 Kaspakas. A small village on the slopes of a mountain. It has many traditional stone-built houses and narrow paths for strolling. Approximately 3 km northwest of Kaspakas are waterfalls, which are worth visiting especially after rains. (updated Sep 2016)
- 1 Kondias. One of the most beautiful villages in Lemnos. The village stands on a pine-covered hill. A walk along the traditional stone houses, the abandoned windmills, the streets lined with plane trees and the picturesque church of Aghios Dimitrios should not be missed. (updated Sep 2016)
- 1 Moudros. Second largest city of Lemnos, with a beautiful harbor for fishing boats. Moudros was the base of operations for the Greek fleet in World War I and in World War II it was occupied by the German Army being a major port for the Armed Forces at the strategically important island. (updated Sep 2016)
- 1 Romano. Known for its old black stone houses, the remains of fossilized trees, and the photogenic ruins of wind mills. (updated Sep 2016)
- 1 Kontopouli. A beautiful village near Kavirio and Ifestia, the most important archaeological sites on Lemnos. It’s worth to sit in one of kafenios around the Platia (central square) to have a coffee, to watch typical rural life, and to talk with locals. (updated Sep 2016)
- 1 Plaka. At the east end of the island, a beautiful village with traditional architecture and a small fishing port. The old windmills situated close to the village are good photo opportunities. 2 km northeast of Plaka stands the church of Ag. Haralambos on a hill with a wonderful view over the north coast. It is best to be here just before sunset because of the special landscape as background. (updated Sep 2016)
- Nea Koutali
- Portianou, where you can see the mansion that was Winston Churchill’s headquarters during the 1915 Gallipoli Campaign as First Lord of the Admiralty.
- Kontias has beautiful restored windmills.
- Moudros has beautiful sunsets.