Bareq (Arabic: بارق; also transliterated as Bāriq), is one of the governorates of Asir in the north-west of the region, 120 km (75 mi) north of Abha. It occupies a distinct location midway between Tihama and Asir, 412 m (1,352 ft) above sea level. With an estimated population of 75,351, it is well off economically; the city has grown rapidly and has many government services and public utilities available. It is one of Asir‘s winter resorts because of its natural environment and mild winter weather. Bareq has valleys.
Bareq was founded in 220 AD. (citation?) Bareq is part of the territory which is historically known as the “Yemen“, which dates back to the second millennium BC and was inhabited by an immigrant tribe of southern Yemen called Bariq belonging to the ancient tribe of Al-Azd that has many clans linked to it. Known before the advent of Islam as Diyār Bāriq, it was traversed by the ancient trade route from Yemen to Mecca and the Levant, known as the winter and summer journeys. It also used to hold the Suq Hubasha in the first eight days of the month of Rajab (other sources say three days). The market and convoys were protected by the Bareq country and this souq was the market for Azd. It was one of the greatest Arab souqs of all, and also the last of the pre-Islamic markets to be destroyed. In the mid-seventh century AD, the Bareq tribe entered Islam and played a pivotal and a major role in the Muslim conquests, and many Bariqis settled in various countries after the Muslim conquest.