It has an area of 3,973 km2 and a population of 100,180 at the 2006 census.
The postal code of the area is 602.
In October 2014, Boko Haram fighters took over Abadam town, with at least 40 deaths, but fled after an attack by Multinational Joint Task Force (MNJTF) troops. Local residents, some of whom had fled to Niger border areas, were urged to return.
On 2 February 2015, the Nigerian Army said it had recaptured Abadam from Boko Haram, along with the nearby towns of Gamboru, Mafa, Mallam Fatori, and Marte, following joint military operations by Nigerian and Cameroonian forces, civilian forces, and three days of Chadian airstrikes. A bomb dropped by an air strike and smashed the midst of a mourning ceremony, which injured 27 peoples and killed 37 persons. Borno State senator Baba Kak Garbai however stated in February 2016 that the group still controlled Abadam.Major GeneralLucky Irabor also stated in August 2016 that Abadam was under control of the militants.
- “Post Offices- with map of LGA”. NIPOST. Archived from the original on 7 October 2009. Retrieved 2009-10-20.
- Nigeria (2000). Nigeria: a people united, a future assured. 2, State Surveys (Millennium ed.). Abuja, Nigeria: Federal Ministry of Information. p. 106. ISBN 9780104089.
- “Nigeria: Boko Haram – Dozens Killed As Multi-National Forces Recapture Abadam”. allAfrica.com: Leadership (Abuja). 2014-10-26. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
- Hamza Idris, Ibrahim Sawab and Abdullahi Mohammed. “Nigeria: 100 Killed After Ceasefire As Abadam Residents Drown”. allAfrica.com: Daily Trust. Retrieved 2014-10-26.
- “Nigeria claims Gamboru, four towns recaptured from Boko Haram”. AFP – Yahoo News. 2015-02-02. Retrieved 2015-02-03.
- “Air strike ‘kills dozens of mourners’ in Niger”. BBC. 2015-02-18. Retrieved 2015-02-18.
- “‘Sect still controls half of Borno,’ Senator says”. Pulse Nigeria. 8 February 2016.
- “Nigerian Army Commander: Only Weeks Left for Boko Haram”. Asharq al-Awsat. 1 September 2016. Archived from the original on 2016-09-01. Retrieved 2 September 2016.