George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke

GeneralGeorge Augustus Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke and 8th Earl of MontgomeryKGPC (10 September 1759 – 26 October 1827) was an English peer, army officer, and politician.

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The Earl of Pembroke
Governor of Guernsey
In office
1807–1827
Preceded by The Earl Grey
Succeeded by Sir William Keppel
Member of Parliament
for Wilton
In office
1788–1794
Preceded by William Gerard Hamilton
Philip Goldsworthy
Succeeded by The Viscount FitzWilliam
Philip Goldsworthy
In office
1780–1785
Preceded by Hon. Henry Herbert
Charles Herbert
Succeeded by William Gerard Hamilton
Philip Goldsworthy
Personal details
Born 10 September 1759
Wilton House, Wilton, Great Britain
Died 26 October 1827
Pembroke House, London, Great Britain
Political party Whig
Spouse(s)
    Elizabeth Beauclerk

    (m. 1787; died 1793)

      (m. 1808)

      Children 10, including
      12th Earl of Pembroke
      1st Baron Herbert of Lea
      Countess of Dunmore
      Parent(s) Henry Herbert, 10th Earl of Pembroke
      Elizabeth Herbert, Countess of Pembroke and Montgomery
      Relatives 3rd Duke of Marlborough (grandfather)
      Education Harrow School
      Military service
      Rank General
      Commands 2nd and 3rd Dragoon Guards
      6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons
      Battles/wars French Revolutionary Wars:
        Siege of Valenciennes

      . . . George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke . . .

      He was born Lord Herbert at the family home, Wilton House in Wilton. He was the only son of Henry Herbert, 10th Earl of Pembroke and 7th Earl of Montgomery and his wife, Elizabeth, the second daughter of Charles Spencer, 3rd Duke of Marlborough.[1] He had a younger sister Charlotte, who died at the age of 10. He was educated at home and then Harrow School from 1770 to 1775. Through his grandmother Mary FitzWilliam, daughter of the 5th Viscount FitzWilliam, he inherited the substantial FitzWilliam estates in Dublin.

      After leaving Harrow, Herbert was appointed an ensign in the 12th Regiment of Foot in 1775 and travelled the continent over the next five years, visiting France, Austria, Eastern Europe, Russia and Italy with Rev. William Coxe and Capt. John Floyd.

      Herbert was promoted to a lieutenant in 1777 and became a captain in the 75th Regiment of Foot in 1778, before transferring to 1st The Royal Dragoons later that year. In 1781, he transferred to the 22nd Light Dragoons and the following year was promoted to a lieutenant-colonel in the 2nd Dragoon Guards.

      At the start of the French Revolutionary Wars, Herbert saw action in Flanders, where he commanded the 2nd and 3rd Dragoon Guards and liaised with Prussian and Austrian forces. He was also active in the Siege of Valenciennes (1793) and captured an enemy post at Hundssluyt, near Dunkirk, later that year.

      At the general election of 1780, Herbert became Member of Parliament for the family borough of Wilton and sided with the Whig opposition. He held the seat until 1784 when he was appointed Vice-Chamberlain of the Household and sworn of the Privy Council. He held the seat for Wilton again from 1788 to 1794, the year he inherited his father’s titles and estate and also succeeded him as Lord Lieutenant of Wiltshire.

      In 1795, Pembroke was promoted to a major-general and became colonel of the 6th (Inniskilling) Dragoons in 1797. He was further promoted to a lieutenant-general in 1802 and appointed a Knight of the Garter in 1805. After serving as a plenipotentiary on a special mission to Austria in 1807, he was also appointed Governor of Guernsey and finally promoted to a general in 1812.

      . . . George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke . . .

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      . . . George Herbert, 11th Earl of Pembroke . . .