List of Knights of St Patrick

The Most Illustrious Order of Saint Patrick is a British order of chivalry associated with Ireland. The Order was created in 1783[1] by George III at the instigation of the Lord Lieutenant of Ireland, The 3rd Earl Temple (1753–1813; created The 1st Marquess of Buckingham in 1784). The regular creation of knights of Saint Patrick lasted until 1921, when most of Ireland became independent as the Irish Free State.[1] While the Order technically still exists, no knight of St Patrick has been created since 1936, and the last surviving knight, Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester, died in 1974.[1]The Queen, however, remains the Sovereign of the Order. The position of King of Arms of the order was held by Ulster King of Arms; this office still exists, since 1943 it has been combined with Norroy King of Arms. St Patrick is patron of the order; its motto is Quis separabit?,[1]Latin for “Who will separate us?”: an allusion to the Vulgate translation of Romans 8:35, “Who shall separate us from the love of Christ?”[2]

Wikipedia list article
An illustration of the insignia of a Knight of St Patrick

The first appointments were made on 11 March 1783, and consisted of 15 Knight Founders, and in total there have been 145 appointments. The original Royal Warrant (dated 5 February 1783) specified that there were to be no more than fifteen knights of the Order at any one time, something that changed in 1821 when George IV appointed an extra six knights (although the royal warrant was not altered to reflect this change until 1830).[3]William IV appointed an additional four knights at his coronation, and on 24 January 1833 increased the maximum number of knights to 22.[3]

Date Image Name[3] Born/Died Notes
11 March 1783 Prince Edward Augustus 2 November 1767 – 23 January 1820 Knight Founder; later Duke of Kent and Strathearn
11 March 1783 William FitzGerald, 2nd Duke of Leinster 13 March 1749 – 20 October 1804 Knight Founder
11 March 1783 Henry de Burgh, 12th Earl of Clanricarde 8 January 1742 – 8 December 1797 Knight Founder; Later Marquess of Clanricarde
11 March 1783 Thomas Nugent, 6th Earl of Westmeath April 1714 – 7 September 1790 Knight Founder
11 March 1783 Murrough O’Brien, 5th Earl of Inchiquin 1726 – 10 February 1808 Knight Founder; Later Marquess of Thomond
11 March 1783 Charles Moore, 6th Earl of Drogheda 29 June 1730 – 22 December 1822 Knight Founder; Later Marquess of Drogheda
11 March 1783 George Beresford, 2nd Earl of Tyrone 8 January 1735 – 3 December 1800 Knight Founder; Later Marquess of Waterford
11 March 1783 Richard Boyle, 2nd Earl of Shannon 30 January 1727 – 20 May 1807 Knight Founder
11 March 1783 James Hamilton, 2nd Earl of Clanbrassil 23 August 1730 – 6 February 1798 Knight Founder
11 March 1783 Richard Colley Wellesley, 2nd Earl of Mornington 20 June 1760 – 26 September 1842 Knight Founder; Later Marquess Wellesley, resigned to become a member of the Order of the Garter
11 March 1783 Arthur Gore, 2nd Earl of Arran 25 July 1734 – 8 October 1809 Knight Founder
11 March 1783 James Stopford, 2nd Earl of Courtown 28 May 1731 – 30 March 1810 Knight Founder
11 March 1783 James Caulfeild, 1st Earl of Charlemont 18 August 1728 – 4 August 1799 Knight Founder
11 March 1783 Thomas Taylour, 1st Earl of Bective 20 October 1724 – 14 February 1795 Knight Founder
11 March 1783 Henry Loftus, 1st Earl of Ely 18 November 1709 – 8 May 1783 Knight Founder
5 February 1784 John Proby, 2nd Baron Carysfort 12 August 1751 – 7 April 1828 Later Earl of Carysfort
12 December 1794 Charles Loftus, 1st Earl of Ely 23 January 1738 – 22 March 1806 Later Marquess of Ely
30 March 1795 William Fortescue, 1st Earl of Clermont 5 August 1722 – 30 September 1806
19 March 1798 Walter Butler, 18th Earl of Ormonde 5 February 1770 – 10 August 1820 Later Marquess of Ormonde
19 March 1798 Charles Dillon, 12th Viscount Dillon 6 November 1745 – 9 November 1813
5 August 1800 John Browne, 3rd Earl of Altamont 11 June 1756 – 2 January 1809 Later Marquess of Sligo
22 January 1801 Henry Conyngham, 1st Earl Conyngham 26 December 1766 – 28 December 1832 Later Marquess Conyngham
14 March 1806 Henry Beresford, 2nd Marquess of Waterford 23 May 1772 – 16 July 1826
15 May 1806 Thomas Taylour, 1st Marquess of Headfort 18 November 1757 – 23 October 1829
13 November 1806 Robert Jocelyn, 2nd Earl of Roden 26 October 1756 – 29 June 1820
3 November 1807 John Loftus, 2nd Marquess of Ely 15 February 1770 – 23 September 1845
5 April 1808 Henry Boyle, 3rd Earl of Shannon 8 August 1771 – 22 April 1842
13 February 1809 Charles O’Neill, 1st Earl O’Neill 22 January 1779 – 25 March 1841
11 November 1809 William O’Brien, 2nd Marquess of Thomond 1765 – 21 August 1846
24 March 1810 Howe Browne, 2nd Marquess of Sligo 18 May 1788 – 26 January 1845
27 April 1810 John Cole, 2nd Earl of Enniskillen 23 March 1768 – 31 March 1840
17 December 1813 Thomas Pakenham, 2nd Earl of Longford 14 May 1774 – 24 May 1835
20 August 1821 Prince Ernest Augustus, Duke of Cumberland and Teviotdale 5 June 1771 – 18 November 1851 Later Ernest Augustus I, King of Hanover
20 August 1821 George Chichester, 2nd Marquess of Donegall 14 August 1769 – 5 October 1844
20 August 1821 Du Pre Alexander, 2nd Earl of Caledon 14 December 1777 – 8 April 1839
20 August 1821 Charles Chetwynd-Talbot, 2nd Earl Talbot 25 April 1777 – 10 January 1849 Resigned to accept membership in the Order of the Garter
20 August 1821 James Butler, 19th Earl of Ormonde 15 July 1777 – 18 May 1838 Later Marquess of Ormonde
20 August 1821 John Brabazon, 10th Earl of Meath 9 April 1772 – 15 March 1851
20 August 1821 Arthur Plunkett, 8th Earl of Fingall 9 September 1759 – 30 July 1836 First Catholic appointed
20 August 1821 James Stopford, 3rd Earl of Courtown 15 August 1765 – 15 June 1835
20 August 1821 Robert Jocelyn, 3rd Earl of Roden 27 October 1788 – 20 March 1870
19 October 1831 Ulick de Burgh, 1st Marquess of Clanricarde 20 December 1802 – 10 April 1874
19 October 1831 Francis Caulfeild, 2nd Earl of Charlemont 3 January 1775 – 26 December 1863
24 November 1831 Arthur Hill, 3rd Marquess of Downshire 8 October 1788 – 12 April 1845
24 November 1831 Francis Mathew, 2nd Earl Landaff 20 January 1768 – 12 March 1833
27 March 1833 Francis Conyngham, 2nd Marquess Conyngham 11 June 1797 – 17 July 1876
8 April 1834 Nathaniel Clements, 2nd Earl of Leitrim 9 May 1768 – 31 December 1854
8 April 1834 John Hely-Hutchinson, 3rd Earl of Donoughmore 1787 – 14 September 1851
22 July 1835 Edmund Boyle, 8th Earl of Cork 21 October 1767 – 30 June 1856
22 July 1835 Thomas St Lawrence, 3rd Earl of Howth 16 August 1803 – 4 February 1874
12 September 1837 Thomas Southwell, 3rd Viscount Southwell 25 February 1777 – 29 February 1860
15 April 1839 Thomas Taylour, 2nd Marquess of Headfort 4 May 1787 – 6 December 1870
29 April 1839 William Hare, 2nd Earl of Listowel 22 September 1801 – 3 February 1856
13 March 1841 Joseph Leeson, 4th Earl of Milltown 11 February 1799 – 31 January 1866
6 May 1841 Philip Gore, 4th Earl of Arran 23 November 1801 – 25 June 1884
20 January 1842 Prince Albert of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha 26 August 1819 – 14 December 1861
5 June 1842 William Howard, 4th Earl of Wicklow 13 February 1791 – 22 March 1869
4 January 1845 William Parsons, 3rd Earl of Rosse 17 June 1800 – 31 October 1867
4 January 1845 Henry Beresford, 3rd Marquess of Waterford 26 April 1811 – 29 March 1859
17 September 1845 John FitzGibbon, 2nd Earl of Clare 10 July 1792 – 18 August 1851
17 September 1845 John Butler, 2nd Marquess of Ormonde 24 August 1808 – 25 September 1854
12 November 1845 Henry Maxwell, 7th Baron Farnham 9 August 1799 – 20 August 1868
9 October 1846 Arthur Plunkett, 9th Earl of Fingall 29 March 1791 – 21 April 1869
3 July 1851 John Skeffington, 10th Viscount Massereene 30 November 1812 – 28 April 1863
17 November 1851 Prince George William Frederick Charles, Duke of Cambridge 26 March 1819 – 17 March 1904
18 November 1851 Robert Carew, 1st Baron Carew 9 March 1787 – 2 June 1856
22 February 1855 Richard Dawson, 3rd Baron Cremorne 7 September 1817 – 11 May 1897 Later Earl of Dartrey
22 February 1855 Archibald Acheson, 3rd Earl of Gosford 20 August 1806 – 15 June 1864
28 August 1856 Frederick Stewart, 4th Marquess of Londonderry 7 July 1805 – 25 November 1872
30 January 1857 George Forbes, 7th Earl of Granard 5 August 1833 – 25 August 1889
30 January 1857 Hugh Gough, 1st Viscount Gough 3 November 1779 – 2 March 1869
3 February 1857 George Chichester, 3rd Marquess of Donegall 10 February 1797 – 20 October 1883
24 May 1859 Arthur Hill, 4th Marquess of Downshire 6 August 1812 – 6 August 1868
13 June 1860 Richard Boyle, 9th Earl of Cork 19 April 1829 – 22 June 1904
28 January 1864 Frederick Hamilton-Temple-Blackwood, 5th Baron Dufferin and Claneboye 21 June 1826 – 12 February 1902 Later Marquess of Dufferin and Ava
31 March 1864 Charles Brownlow, 2nd Baron Lurgan 10 April 1831 – 15 January 1882[4]
28 December 1865 James Caulfeild, 3rd Earl of Charlemont 6 October 1820 – 12 January 1892
13 March 1866 Edwin Wyndham-Quin, 3rd Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl 19 May 1812 – 6 October 1871
7 February 1868 Henry Moore, 3rd Marquess of Drogheda 14 August 1825 – 29 June 1892
18 March 1868 Albert Edward, Prince of Wales 9 November 1841 – 6 May 1910 Later Edward VII, King of the United Kingdom
17 November 1868 John Beresford, 5th Marquess of Waterford 21 May 1844 – 23 October 1895
17 November 1868 John Crichton, 3rd Earl Erne 30 July 1802 – 3 October 1885
18 January 1869 Richard Bourke, 6th Earl of Mayo 21 February 1822 – 8 February 1872
30 March 1869 Prince Arthur William Patrick Albert 1 May 1850 – 16 January 1942 Later Duke of Connaught
2 June 1869 Granville Proby, 4th Earl of Carysfort 14 September 1824 – 18 May 1872
2 June 1869 Archibald Acheson, 4th Earl of Gosford 2 August 1841 – 11 April 1922
2 August 1871 Mervyn Wingfield, 7th Viscount Powerscourt 13 October 1836 – 5 June 1904
2 August 1871 Thomas Southwell, 4th Viscount Southwell 6 April 1836 – 26 April 1878
29 February 1872 Robert Carew, 2nd Baron Carew 28 January 1818 – 8 September 1881
1 June 1872 Valentine Browne, 4th Earl of Kenmare 16 May 1825 – 9 February 1905
20 February 1873 William Hare, 3rd Earl of Listowel 29 May 1833 – 5 June 1924
31 August 1874 William Proby, 5th Earl of Carysfort 18 January 1836 – 4 September 1909
31 August 1874 George Vane-Tempest, 5th Marquess of Londonderry 26 April 1821 – 5 November 1884
13 May 1876 Windham Wyndham-Quin, 4th Earl of Dunraven and Mount-Earl 12 February 1841 – 14 June 1926
3 March 1877 William Montagu, 7th Duke of Manchester 15 October 1823 – 21 March 1890
8 February 1879 Henry Dawson-Damer, 3rd Earl of Portarlington 5 September 1822 – 1 March 1889
14 May 1880 Prince Alfred, Duke of Edinburgh 6 August 1844 – 30 July 1900 Later Duke of Saxe-Coburg-Gotha
17 January 1882 Thomas O’Hagan, 1st Baron O’Hagan 29 May 1812 – 1 February 1885
11 April 1882 Chichester Parkinson-Fortescue, 1st Baron Carlingford 18 January 1823 – 30 January 1898 Later Baron Clermont
8 May 1884 William St Lawrence, 4th Earl of Howth 1827–1909
9 February 1885 Luke White, 2nd Baron Annaly 26 September 1829 – 17 March 1888
9 February 1885 Thomas Spring Rice, 2nd Baron Monteagle of Brandon 31 May 1849 – 24 December 1926
28 November 1885 Garnet Wolseley, 1st Viscount Wolseley 4 June 1833 – 25 March 1913
28 November 1885 Thomas Taylour, 3rd Marquess of Headfort 1 November 1822 – 22 July 1894
28 June 1887 Prince Albert Victor Christian Edward 8 January 1864 – 14 January 1892 Later Duke of Clarence and Avondale
26 April 1888 James Butler, 3rd Marquess of Ormonde 5 October 1844 – 26 October 1919
4 April 1889 John Crichton, 4th Earl Erne 16 October 1839 – 2 December 1914
7 February 1890 Edward Leeson, 6th Earl of Milltown 9 October 1835 – 30 May 1890
24 May 1890 Francis Needham, 3rd Earl of Kilmorey 2 August 1842 – 28 July 1915
29 August 1890 Lawrence Parsons, 4th Earl of Rosse 17 November 1840 – 30 August 1908
18 December 1890 Prince William Augustus Edward of Saxe-Weimar 11 October 1823 – 16 November 1902
18 March 1892 William Pery, 3rd Earl of Limerick 17 January 1840 – 8 August 1896
5 August 1892 Edward O’Brien, 14th Baron Inchiquin 14 May 1839 – 8 April 1900
3 November 1894 Frederick Lambart, 9th Earl of Cavan 21 October 1839 – 14 July 1900
25 February 1896 Edward Guinness, 1st Baron Iveagh 10 November 1847 – 7 October 1927 Later Earl of Iveagh
11 February 1897 James Alexander, 4th Earl of Caledon 11 July 1846 – 27 April 1898
20 August 1897 Prince George Frederick Ernest Albert, Duke of York 3 June 1865 – 20 January 1936 Later George V, King of the United Kingdom
20 August 1897 Frederick Roberts, 1st Baron Roberts 30 September 1832 – 14 November 1914 Later Earl Roberts
15 March 1898 Arthur Gore, 5th Earl of Arran 6 January 1839 – 14 March 1901
4 March 1899 Charles Bingham, 4th Earl of Lucan 8 May 1830 – 5 June 1914
29 August 1900 James Bernard, 4th Earl of Bandon 12 September 1850 – 18 May 1924
29 August 1900 Luke Dillon, 4th Baron Clonbrock 10 March 1834 – 12 May 1917
10 June 1901 Thomas Pakenham, 5th Earl of Longford 19 October 1864 – 21 August 1915
15 March 1902 Henry Beresford, 6th Marquess of Waterford 28 April 1875 – 1 December 1911
11 August 1902 Lowry Cole, 4th Earl of Enniskillen 21 December 1845 – 28 April 1924
11 August 1902 Dudley FitzGerald-de Ros, 24th Baron de Ros 11 March 1827 – 29 April 1907
3 February 1905 Dermot Bourke, 7th Earl of Mayo 2 July 1851 – 31 December 1927
13 April 1905 Reginald Brabazon, 12th Earl of Meath 31 July 1841 – 11 October 1929
29 February 1908 Bernard FitzPatrick, 2nd Baron Castletown 29 July 1849 – 29 May 1937
5 February 1909 William James Pirrie, 1st Baron Pirrie 31 May 1847 – 6 June 1924 Later Viscount Pirrie
21 May 1909 Bernard Forbes, 8th Earl of Granard 17 September 1874 – 10 September 1948
13 December 1909 Arthur Gore, 6th Earl of Arran 14 September 1868 – 19 December 1958
10 July 1911 Anthony Ashley-Cooper, 9th Earl of Shaftesbury 31 August 1869 – 25 March 1961
10 July 1911 Horatio Kitchener, 1st Viscount Kitchener 24 June 1850 – 5 June 1916 Later Earl Kitchener
28 May 1915 Edward Ponsonby, 8th Earl of Bessborough 1 March 1851 – 1 December 1920
18 April 1916 Richard Hely-Hutchinson, 6th Earl of Donoughmore 2 March 1875 – 19 October 1948
18 April 1916 Mervyn Wingfield, 8th Viscount Powerscourt 16 July 1880 – 21 March 1947
18 April 1916 St John Brodrick, 1st Viscount Midleton 14 December 1856 – 13 February 1942 Later Earl of Midleton
18 November 1916 Rudolph Lambart, 10th Earl of Cavan 16 October 1865 – 28 August 1946
4 June 1917 John French, 1st Viscount French 28 September 1852 – 22 May 1925 Later Earl of Ypres
3 June 1918 Geoffrey Browne, 3rd Baron Oranmore and Browne 6 January 1861 – 30 June 1927
18 December 1919 Hamilton Cuffe, 5th Earl of Desart 30 August 1848 – 4 November 1934
21 June 1922 James Hamilton, 3rd Duke of Abercorn 30 November 1869 – 12 September 1953
3 June 1927 Edward, Prince of Wales 23 June 1894 – 28 May 1972 Later Edward VIII, King of the United Kingdom and, after his abdication, The Prince Edward, Duke of Windsor
29 June 1934 Prince Henry, Duke of Gloucester 31 March 1900 – 10 June 1974 Last surviving knight
17 March 1936 Prince Albert Frederick Arthur George, Duke of York 14 December 1895 – 6 February 1952 Later George VI, King of the United Kingdom

. . . List of Knights of St Patrick . . .

General
  • Galloway, Peter (1999). The most illustrious Order: The Order of St Patrick and its knights. London: Unicorn. ISBN 0-906290-23-6.

Specific
  1. “Monarchy Today: Queen and Public: Honours: Order of St Patrick”. Official website of the British Monarchy. Retrieved 2008-12-15.
  2. According to Galloway (pp 171–2), the motto was borrowed from the Order of the Friendly Brothers of St Patrick, but was also appropriate politically in expressing a desire for unity
  3. Rayment, Leigh (24 April 2008). “Leigh Rayment: Knights of St.Patrick”. Leigh Rayment. Archived from the original on June 7, 2008. Retrieved 2008-12-15.CS1 maint: unfit URL (link)
  4. Lundy, Darryl (25 October 2008). “p. 6598 § 65971 – Person Page6598”. Darryl Lundy. Retrieved 2008-12-22.[unreliable source]

. . . List of Knights of St Patrick . . .

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. . . List of Knights of St Patrick . . .