Guards Fusilier Regiment

The Guards Fusilier Regiment (German: Garde-Füsilier-Regiment) or Guards Fusiliers was an infantryunit of the Guards Corps of the Prussian Army garrisoned in Berlin. In keeping with the genteel nature of the unit, most of its officer corps were nobility. At the time of the German Empire it commanded soldiers guarding the Wache.

Guards Fusilier Regiment
Active 30 March 1826 – 14 December 1918
Country Prussia
Allegiance Prussian Army
Type Guards regiment
Role Infantry
Part of Guard Corps
Nickname(s) Maykäfer
Motto(s) Es lebe hoch das Regiment, welches sich mit Stolz Maykäfer nennt!
Colors Blue coat, red collars, red Swedish sleeve markings, white lace, yellow epaulettes, silver Guards eagle
Military unit
Flag of the III battalion

. . . Guards Fusilier Regiment . . .

In 1826 the Guards Reserve Infantry (Landwehr) Regiment (Garde-Reserve-Infanterie (Landwehr) Regiment) was founded. In 1851 it was renamed the Guards Reserve Infantry Regiment (Garde-Reserve-Infanterie-Regiment) and, as part of the 1860 expansion of the army under Roonsch, given the name of Guards Fusilier Regiment (Garde-Füsilier-Regiment). The regimental staff and the Ist Battalion were initially based in Potsdam, whilst the IInd Battalion were stationed in Spandau. From 1851 to 1918 the whole regiment was moved to a garrison in Maykäfer Barracks in Berlin.

In 1866 it fought in the Austro-Prussian War at the Battle of Königinhof and Battle of Königgrätz.

In the 1870/71 war against France the regiment participated at Gravelotte and Sedan as well as the Siege of Paris.

The regiment in its position before the storming of Zwinin in February or March 1915

At the onset of the First World War the regiment was mobilised and was assigned to the newly formed 6th Guards Infantry Brigade of the 3rd Guards Division. The unit remained in this formation for the course of the war. Initially the fusiliers took part in the invasion of neutral Belgium and were involved in the capture of Namur. They were then deployed to the Eastern Front and fought there in the Battle of the Masurian Lakes. After suffering heavy losses at Brzeziny the remaining members of the regiment had to be gathered into a battalion. On 1 December the unit was regrouped into 2 battalions of 3 companies each. From 22 December the battalions were reorganised into four companies each. In January 1915 the IIIrd Battalion was reformed and the regiment redeployed at the end of that month to the Carpathians. They took part in the months that followed in trench warfare at Zwinin, the ridge finally being taken in April. After further fighting on the Eastern Front the regiment was sent to the West in April 1916, taking part in trench warfare in the Champagne and on the Yser, and participating in the Battle of the Somme. From September to November 1916 it deployed again briefly to the Eastern Front before returning to the West and engaging in trench warfare in Lorraine (region). Here, in December 1916, the regiment was reinforced by a 2nd and 3rd MG company. 1917 saw the unit engaged during the battles of Arras, Passchendaele and Cambrai. At the start of the 1918 German Spring Offensive the fusiliers suffered heavy casualties at Beaumetz and subsequently formed itself into 2 battalions of 3 companies each. On 5 April the regiment was reorganised into 3 battalions again and joined on 14 September 1918 by a MW company.

. . . Guards Fusilier Regiment . . .

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. . . Guards Fusilier Regiment . . .